Herrenknecht to Supply Mumbai-Ahmedabad Bullet Train’s Tunnel Boring Machines

Per a couple of my tunneling industry connections, Herrenknecht AG has been finalized by Afcons Infrastructure to supply at least 2 tunnel boring machines (TBMs) for 20.377 km underground Package C-2 of the 508.17 km Mumbai – Ahmedabad High Speed Rail (MAHSR Bullet Train).

Afcons was awarded C-2’s Rs. 6397.27 crore contract in June by India’s National High Speed Rail Corporation Ltd. (NHSRCL) with a 1888 day (5.17 years) deadline. The scope of C-2 connects chainage Km 0.773 (Bandra Kurla Complex Station) to Km 21.150 (Shilphata Ramp).

This development shouldn’t come as a surprise as Afcons has historically tied up with Herrenknecht for metro projects across India.

Alignment of Package C2 in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) connecting BKC and Shilphata – view Mumbai – Ahmedabad HSR info & route map

NHSRCL’s tender documents had mandated the assigned contractor to deploy at least 3 machines of 13.1m diameter to bore an approximately 16 km long tunnel, but I hear Afcons will be starting out with 2 machines and order another if things start going awry.

This is reminiscent to me of their strategy in the Delhi-Meerut RapidX (RRTS) project where Afcons – driven by confidence in their tunneling expertise – deployed 3 Terratec machines (S88, S89, S90) instead of 4 mandated machines.

Afcons plans to construct 3 shafts at BKC Station, Vikhroli, and Sawli at approximate depths of 36m, 56m and 39m respectively to launch and retrieve their TBMs. An inclined shaft of 42m at Ghansoli and tunnel portal at Shilphata will facilitate 5 km of NATM tunneling works.

Infographic by NHSRCL

At 13.1m, these mega TBMs will be the largest diameter machines to ever been deployed in India – bigger than even Mumbai Coastal Road Project‘s 12.19m diameter CRCHI slurry TBM Mavala (DZ636) which just recorded its final breakthrough in May.

For comparison, the diameter of TBMs deployed for metro tunnels in India have so far ranged between 6.45m to 6.68m. Many 10m diameter machines have been deployed for water projects in Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Mavala on-top of a custom built turn-table – Photo via Ashwini Bhide

Back in June-end, Sarathy Geotech & Engineering Services through a sub-contract started geotechnical soil investigation work for this section. Given the amount of preparatory work, construction and TBM activities (manufacturing, delivery, assembly) pending – I see tunneling work starting no sooner than mid-2025.

For more updates, check out the High Speed Rail section or my Home Page! Sign up for free instant email notifications on new posts over here. Like this post? Get early-access to updates and support the site over here.


written by

Global traveler who prefers mass rapid transit

6 Responses to "Herrenknecht to Supply Mumbai-Ahmedabad Bullet Train’s Tunnel Boring Machines"

  1. Rishav says:

    Tunneling will start in 2025 with deadline of atleast 5 years, damn means whole project will take 2030.

    • Kartik says:

      No I think the timeline considers the time for all the pre tunneling activities such as constructing shafts, procuring tbm’s, building a casting yard, arranging manpower and so on
      So it should be complete by 2028-29 , that is if all goes well

  2. Rahul says:

    Can we expect to see made in India TBM in future, considering so many TBM are going to be used in India. Chennai Metro is a start but not enough.

    • Ashok says:

      Underground mining machinery and these tunnel boaring machinery is not that easy to copy technology and develop locally. That’s the reason very few companies like GE and Sandvik etc are monopolies

  3. Gomes Clevin Clement says:

    I think the NATM Tunnel at the end may be built in such a way that HSR services can be available Between Mumbai-Pune-Hyderabad. Do u think it’s possible ?

  4. Jay Anam says:

    What are the exact locations for 3 Shafts?


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